The Department of Pharmacy Practice of MCOPS, established at Kasturba Medical College Hospital ( 2032 bedded), Manipal in 2001, specializes in clinical pharmacy services such as drug and poison information, patient counselling, adverse drug reaction monitoring and medication therapy management. To cater the increased demad of clinical pharmacy services to the patients, the deparment activities are extended to 4 other constituent hospitals of Manipal Acedemy of Higher Education (KMC Hospital, Mangalore; Dr.TMA Pai Rotary Hospital, Karkala; Dr. TMA Pai Hospital, Udupi and Manipal Hospital, Bangalore).The expanding roles of our department include the application of evidence based medicine towards patient safety, pharmaceutical care, clinical research in disease management and continuing pharmacy education programs.
Our department offers Master of Pharmacy (MPharm) in Pharmacy Practice, Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) and a bridge course viz. Post baccalaureate (PB) PharmD for BPharm graduates. We also run a Doctoral program. The department has a team of 13 dedicated well trained faculty with ample international exposure. We review articles for several prominent journals including BMC journals and BMJ publications, and evaluate funding proposals submitted to DST, BRNS, ICMR etc. We have won several national and international scholarships and awards from ISPOR, ISPE, NPS, CICS, CSIR, DST, ICMR etc. Our research activities are funded by several governmental funding agencies such as ICMR, DST, AICTE and National Institute of Health(NIH), USA . The departmental h-index (>19) demonstrates our scholarly influence.
Our faculty members have been trained at top universities and hospitals abroad including University of Michigan, University of Southern California, Tufts Medical Center, Boston Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Canada, Uppsala University, Sweden, to name a few. We have highly experienced hands in cancer research from National Cancer Institute (NCI/NIH), Bethesda, USA and in pharmacometrics from University of North Texas System College of Pharmacy, USA. We also have expertise in diverse areas such as Medication review, Patient safety programs, Pharmacometrics, Clinical toxicology, Antibiotic stewardship, Assessment of evidence for therapeutics etc. Our faculties are trained in Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI) under Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission and ICMR sponsored antimicrobial stewardship program to meet our nation's goal in healthcare. The department conducts annual events such as International Clinical Pharmacy Conference (CPCON), PK/PD and clinical skill development workshops to provide national wide training and education in pharmaceutical care. The department runs the 'Centre for Toxicovigilance and Drug Safety' established under Manipal Acedemy of Higher Education as an one of the Centres of Excellence. The department is equipped with software packages such as SPSS, WinNonlin /Phoenix and MedCal; and drug information resources like Micromedex.
- Best-in-class infrastructure
- Internationally trained faculty
- Accomplished Alumni in key positions all over the world
- More than 15 years of experience in clinical pharmacy education and practice
- International student exchange programs
- Periodic Safety Update Report(PSUR) coordinating center of Kasturba Hopsital
- Collaborations with universities abroad
- Industry standard data analysis softwares
- Continuing Pharmacy Educational Programs
- Community outreach programs
- Pharmaceutical care services
- Drug and poison information services
- Clinical toxicology
- Clinical research
- Clinical traslational research
- Antibiotic stewardship
- Drug Utilization and Evaluation
- Systematic review and Meta-analysis
- Out-come studies in critical care (Risk assessment and prediction modeling)
- University of Southern California, USA
- University of Canberra, Australia
- Griffith University, Australia
- University of Wyoming, USA
- University of Findlay, USA
- RAK College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, UAE
- Magna Healthcare, Bangalore
- Nerve 24, Mumbai
- Novartis Healthcare, Hyderabad
- Muscle Infotech, Bangalore
- Medorganics, Bangalore
PharmD, PharmD (PB) and MPharm in Pharmacy Practice
1. PharmD Program: A six year professional programme leading to a Doctor of Pharmacy degree. This course is unique because it combines the development and application of advanced clinical pharmacy skills with contextual research. The programme emphasizes on an integrated, problem-based approach to disease management, which constitutes the core of the didactic study plan. Pharm.D comprises of five years of classroom/hospital-based didactic study and a research project followed by one year’s internship. Core subjects include Pharmacotherapeutics, hospital and Community pharmacy, Clinical pharmacy, Clinical toxicology, clinical research, Pharmcoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics, Biostatistics and Research Methodology and Clerkship. The first batch graduated in June 2014.
2. PharmD (PB) Program: A three year programme, which includes two years of didactic study (similar to Pharm D), a research project and one year internship, empowers practicing pharmacists to assume leadership roles that drive professional enrichment. The first batch graduated in August 2011.
3. MPharm- Pharmacy Practice: Four semesters (Two academic years) of Curriculum constitutes two semesters of classroom/hospital-based didactic study (abbreviated and intensive version of PharmD curriculum), followed by two semesters of research work. The broad curriculum offers extensive opportunities that lead to careers in health systems, community pharmacy, pharmaceutical companies, government and other public sectors, as well as academic careers. The first batch graduated in 2003.
PHARMACY PRACTICE SERVICES
1. Medication Therapy Management: Customized educational interventions to prevent underutilization, overutilization, inappropriate use, and abuse of certain drugs.
2. Patient Counselling: Our services go well beyond evaluating patients’ drug profiles. Motivational interviews investigate why patients take medications improperly, break communication barriers with patients and improve their health outcomes by enhancing compliance to physicians’ recommendations.
3. Drug Information Services: Provides timely, evidence-based drug information to promote safe, rational use of medications.
4. Clinical Toxicology Services: The services include poison informations and toxicology screening for accidental and intentional overdoses of medicines, illicit drugs and toxins.
5. Medication reconciliation: Compares patient's medication orders to medication history and helps avoid errors of omission, duplication, incorrect doses or timing and adverse drug-drug or drug-disease interactions.
6. Pharmacovigilance (Adverse drug reaction (ADR) monitoring and reporting): Ensures patient safety and involves causality assessment of Adverse Events, ADR reporting and monitoring. We assist clinicians in prevention and management of ADRs
7. Periodic Safety Update Report (PSUR): Periodical reporting of the complete safety experience of newly introduced drugs to regulatory authorities. This is a critical component of a nation-wide programme for post marketing surveillance (Phase-IV study). PSUR helps DCGI to make accurate and unbiased decisions for implementing drug safety. Our Department is the PSUR coordinating center for Kasturba Hospital, Manipal. We also publish a quarterly PSUR Newsletter.
8. Health Screening Programme: Enhances access to screening services to the poor. Our services include monitoring of blood pressure, blood cholesterol, body mass index and blood glucose.
9. Community outreach Programme: Provides an opportunity to participate in a number of community health programmes round the year, including immunization, patient safety and health education, to raise awareness about drug use and abuse.
10. Continuing Pharmacy Education Programme: We periodically organize workshops, seminars, symposium and conferences at the national and international level. Clinical skill development and hands-on training are offered to working pharmacists
11. Clinical Pharmacy training for national and international students: We collaborate with many international universities through faculty/student exchange programmes. Students from United States, France and Seychelles and many Indian students from other universities/colleges receive training in clinical pharmacy services in our department.
12. Clinical Research Support: We implement, conduct and monitor clinical research, support physicians and other healthcare professionals in framing / executing research protocols and publishing research findings.
The demand for trained pharmacy professionals has significantly increased in recent years due to the phenomenal growth of the health care services/ pharmaceutical industries. Ageing population, rising trends in chronic illnesses, enhanced insurance cover and higher disposable income are major contributing factors. Pharmacists are becoming more actively engaged in drug therapy decision-making and pharmaceutical care. There is a rising demand for pharmacists in a wide variety of occupational settings.
Following are some of the numerous and diverse career options available to PharmD/ MPharm (Pharmacy Practice) graduates.
1. Clinical Pharmacy Practice:
Pharmacists are increasingly partnering with physicians in assuming responsibility for medication therapy management, especially in chronic diseases such as diabetes, asthma, hypertension. Specialists are emerging in paediatrics, critical care, cardiology, surgery, psycopharmacy, neurology, infectious diseases and drug information.
2. Community Pharmacy:
Community pharmacists often constitute the first line of health care. In addition to dispensing medications and monitoring patients for adverse effects and drug interactions, pharmacists provide important counseling services in the choice of over-the-counter medications, referrals to other healthcare providers and healthcare screening programmes.
3. Public Services:
State and Central Government Agencies such as State Pharmacy Councils, Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) require skilled pharmacists as regulators.
4. Home Healthcare:
Patients formerly treated in a hospital setting are now receiving professional home care. Pharm.D/M.Pharm (Pharmacy Practice) graduates can dispense medication and assist in administration of intravenous antibiotics, pain management medication and chemotherapy. Pharmacists can potentially follow practices already prevalent in developed countries in monitoring the patient’s progress, adjusting therapy as needed.
5. Hospital Pharmacy:
Pharmacists in hospitals have a tremendously expanded role within this traditional role. Pharmacist manage operations and play a decisive role in Pharmacy administration.
6. Managed care:
Popular in developed countries, managed care is a cost effective, comprehensive and integrated health care plan that emphasizes on preventive care. Optimization of drug therapy, development of drug information, evaluation of therapeutic protocols, patient consultation and reducing avoidable hospital visits dominate the managed care environment.
7. Pharmaceutical Industry:
Pharmaceutical industry recognizes the need for technical proficiency among product development personnel. Additionally, skills in research and development provides numerous opportunities. Pharm Ds and M Pharms are actively recruited by major pharmaceutical manufacturers for managing pharmacovigilance, clinical trials, medical writing, medical affairs etc.
Society’s demand for experts in pharmaco-economics is steadily increasing. Governmental agencies, health insurance providers, professional associations, hospital administration departments, health care consultancy organizations, pharmaceutical companies are likely to recruit more experts in pharmaco-economics.
9. Pharmacy Education:
Pharm.D curriculum offers a strong foundation in health sciences. Pharm.D graduates regularly join various colleges that impart clinical pharmacy education and research.
10. Specialized Area Opportunities:
Pharmacists with expertise in specialized areas such as consultancy, legal practice, drug information, poison control and pharmacy affairs are gaining ground with time. PharmD and MPharm graduates can pursue PhD to enter academic professions.
11. Research and Postdoc Opportunities:
Pharm.D graduates are eligible to directly join for Postdoc program in various foreign universities.
12. Foreign Pharmacy Licensure Examinations:
Pharm.D and MPharm (Pharmacy Practice) graduates are eligible to write various foreign pharmacy licensure examinations including in USA. It is one of the mandatory component of the licensure process of most of the Western countries and is used by the boards of pharmacy as part of their assessment of a candidate’s competence to practice as a pharmacist.