About the Department

Department of Ophthalmology at the Kasturba Medical College, Manipal has been providing world class Ophthalmology services. Established in the late 1950’s, the department prospered into a centre for excellence under the visionary leadership of Dr. P. N. Srinivasa Rao. The department has kept abreast with the latest technological developments and inventions in the field of ophthalmology having many firsts to its credit.

The community outreach programs in the form of surgical camps, school screening programs, diabetic retinopathy screening programs, awareness creation and public education are conducted regularly.

Postgraduate program was started in the year 1972. Till now total of 346 (MS and DO) postgraduates have been trained.  

Team of expert doctors who have specialized in various ophthalmic sub specialities strive to provide evidence based, state of the art treatment to the patients along with undergraduate and postgraduate training and research activities. The department has trained ophthalmologists catering to various sub specialties in Ophthalmology like Cornea, Glaucoma, Uvea, Pediatric ophthalmology, Neuro-ophthalmology, Retinopathy of prematurity, vitreo-retina, oculoplasty and community ophthalmology.  Subspecialty exposure has improved Postgraduate and undergraduate training. The department has state-of-the art infrastructure and equipment, trained faculty, adjunct faculty and inter-institutional collaboration which have helped the department to standout with surgical skills and innovative research.   




Adjunct Faculty

Dr. Ramesh Kekunnaya

Adjunct Professor, Head of Padiatric Ophthalmology,  

L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad   

Dr. Jella Angela An,   

Director of Glaucoma Services,

Mason Eye Institute, Columbia   

Dr. Shruthi Tara,

Chief Medical officer, Sankara Eye hospital         


Dr. Suman Thapa

Director of Research, Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology,

Kathmandu, Nepal

Dr. Chilukuri Sarat Babu

Medical Director, Sharat Maxivision Superspeciality Eye Hospital, Warangal.

Dr. Aashish Kumar Bansal

Cornea and Refractive consultant, Hyderabad.

Ex head of Cornea services ,center for sight Hyderabad 500 034.  email: bansal_eye@yahoo.co.in

Dr. Muna Bhende

Senior Consultant & Deputy Director

Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Service

Sankara Nethralaya, No. 41, Old 18, College Rd, Thousand Lights West,Nungambakkam Chennai Tamilnadu-600006

Dr. Suman S Thapa: Adjunct faculty “E guru Guest Lecture-Innovations in Glaucoma Screening” on 07.10.2020



Our OEU Alumni Association has 346 members and we have regular alumni meetings every four years at Manipal.  The Alumni association also endows oration awards in the memory of Late Prof. P. N. Srinivasa Rao, Founding HOD of Ophthalmology and Late Dr. Babu Rajendran 1st postgraduate student from Dept. of Ophthalmology. KMC, Manipal.

OEU (Operation Eyesight Universal)  Aklumni association of Department of Ophthalmology in Kasturaba Medical College Manipal was started under the eminent leadership of Late Dr P N Srinivasa Rao. In 1971 postgraduation was started in the department with Late Dr Babu Rajendran and Dr Shobha Dutt being the first batch. OEU Alumni association initially started as a casual proposal of the like-minded alumni of the department when our founder mentor Dr P N Srinivasa Rao was nearing retirement. With over 350 members spanned across the globe, the alumni actively participates in conducting national as well as international webinars in association with the parent OEU department of KMC Manipal. Many alumni who are experts in their subspecialities also paly a role as Adjunct faculty of our department. OEU Alumni association also initiated the coveted Oration award in the memory of Late Dr P N S Rao and Dr Babu Rajendran.



Dr. Vikas Khetan

Senior Consultant, Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreo-retinal Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India



Dr. Padmajeet Nadagouda Patil 

MBBS, DO. DNB, FRVS, FRCS (GLS), FICO, MNAMS​​​​​Designation: - Medical Director & Vitreo Retina Surgeon Trishaladevi ​​​​​​Super Speciality Eye Hospital Rabkavi Dist Bagalkot & Athani​ Dist Belgaum, Karnataka. Ex Professor in Ophthalmology – Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical Collage Kolhapur.Email: ​​​​drpadmajeet@gmail.com

Dr. Chilukuri Sarat Babu

Medical Director & Managing Partner,

Sharat Maxivision Eye Hospitals, Hananmkonda

Dr. Shruthi Tara

Chief Medical officer, Sankara Eye Hospital, Coimbatore.



Dr. Suman Thapa

Director of Research, Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Kathmandu, Nepal.



PhD Awarded/Ongoing

List of current PhD students and PhD awarded by department with year can be given as table. 



Sl. No.

Candidate name



Dr. Shruti Vijendran

Ongoing MS PhD (ophthalmology)


Dr. Bharghav

awarded co guide from ophthalmology


Ms. Anitha P Rao

Ongoing MD-PhD (biochemistry) co guide from ophthalmology


Ms. Pavithra K C

Ongoing Date of Registration: 17.03.2021. (Computer science MIT) co guide from ophthalmology


Ms. Pinalkumari Chaudhari

Ongoing (MCOPS) Subject expert from ophthalmology


Ms. Nayana Elizabeth Subhash

Ongoing (Biotechnology -MIT) co guide from ophthalmology


Ms. Sphurthi S Adigal

Ongoing (DAMP, MAHE Manipal) co guide from ophthalmology


Mr. Govardhan

Ongoing (computer science-MIT) co guide from ophthalmology


Ms. Sumaya Pathan

Awarded subject expert from ophthalmology


Ms. Veena Maiyya

Ongoing (computer science NITK Suratkal) co guide from ophthalmology


Mr. Santhoshi Naik

Ongoing (MCOPS) Subject expert from ophthalmology


Ms. Salai Dhavamathi

Ongoing) Subject expert from ophthalmology


Mr. Shivakumar Reddy

Ongoing from 28.2.2019 to 28.2.2022 co guide from ophthalmology


Mr. Gopinath M

Ongoing co guide from ophthalmology


Mr. Nagarajan T

Ongoing co guide from ophthalmology


Miss. Jayasheela R Bhat

Ongoing co guide from ophthalmology


Ms. Priyanka M

Ongoing from 18th March 2021 to 2024 Subject expert and co investigators from ophthalmology


Ms. Pinaz Nasim

Ongoing co guide from ophthalmology


Mr. Siddharth K K

Ongoing Subject expert and co investigators from ophthalmology


Mr. Vivek Suganthan R


Co guide from ophthalmology


Dr. S. Senthilkumari

Ongoing Co guide from ophthalmology


Mr. Aditya Chaitanya

Ongoing Co guide from Ophthalmology





Services Offered

Our clinical services include Phaco refractive surgery with Premium intra ocular lenses (IOLs), Pediatric Cataract surgery and various sub specialties in Ophthalmology like Cornea, Glaucoma, Uvea, Pediatric ophthalmology, Neuro-ophthalmology, Retinopathy of prematurity, Vitreo-Retina, Occuloplasty. Also, we have anterior segment lasers (Capsulotomy, Iridotomy) and Retinal lasers available in our department. Community Ophthalmology services are our fame since the inception of the department. 


Retinopathy of prematurity screening of premature babies




aediatric Ophthalmology


Our Diagnostic services include A scan, B scan, Keratometry, Autorefractometry, IOL master, Ultrasound biomicroscopy, Anterior segment photography, Goldmann perimetry, Humphrey’s Field Analyser, Fundus fluorescene angiography, Optical Coherence Tomography. Our retina services is one of the few in Karnataka with the novel OCT Angioplex.


Anterior Segment, OCT Angioplex

A Scan, Contact lens biomicroscopy

Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) of the eye



Fundus Fluorescein Angiography

Fundus Photography

Goldmann perimeter

Fundus Evaluation with 90D


The Kasturba Hospital Eye Bank:

Kasturba Hospital Eye Bank (KHEB) have been serving patients with corneal blindness since 1981. KHEB caters to districts like Udupi, Shivamogga, Davangere, South Canara, North Canara and Chikkamagalur by collecting and distributing tissues like Cornea and Sclera.

The Kasturba Hospital Eye Bank (KHEB) is one of the largest providers of sight restoring corneas in coastal Karnataka. Since its inception in 1980s, KHEB has greatly increased the collection of transplantable donor corneas, thus enabling several successful corneal transplants. It is very active in promotion of eye donation awareness programs at the community level. Research activities include PG dissertation involving the development of a novel corneal storage media.




Centurian Phacoemulsificatgion Machine

OCT Angioplex

Constellation Vitrectomy Machine          






Title of the grant

Granting agency

Principal Investigator

Duration of the project


Drug delivery implant for post cataract treatment

Project Type : Research Grant
Project Unit : MU Indian Grant
Project Id : 10001757
UTN : RG0919419

Rs. 49.8 lakh

Dr.Bharath Raja Guru


Investigators :

Dr. Nayanabhirama Udupa

Dr. Sulatha V Bhandary

18 months


Comparison of Henson 9000 Zippy Adaptive Threshold Algorithm (ZATA) with Humphrey Field Analyzer (HFA) Swedish Interactive Thresholding Algorithm (SITA) standard in various stages of glaucoma

Project Type : Industry Grants
Project Unit : MU Foreign Grant
Project Id : 10000068 UTN : IG1117003

Dr. Ramesh S Ve


Investigators :

Dr. Vijaya Pai H,

Dr. Sulatha V Bhandary

Dr. Neetha K.I.R

Dr Shonraj B 

Dr. Paul Artes

1 year


Epidemiology of fall risk and visual deficit in T2 Dm with Diabetic neuropathy:

Interdisciplinary research project:

MAHE- UNSW seed Grant Rs. 10 lakhs


Dr. Ramesh Sve (PI),



Dr.Shailaja S 

Dr. Arun Maiya



In vivo measurement of coefficient of friction in the human eye with contact lens


Total SERB grant money received:

Rs. 56,28,320.00

Dr. Raghuvir Pai (PI),



Dr. Ramesh S Ve

Dr. S Meenatchisundaram Dr. S M Abdul Khader,

Dr. Manali Hazarika,

Ms. Rinu Thomas



Lyophilized human amniotic membrane as a drug reservoir:


Dr. S. Senthilkumari



Dr. Manali Hazarika Dr. N.Venkatesh Prajna,

 Dr Srinivas Mutalik

8Dr.Manali Hazarika, Dr.MV Pai Ongoing

3 years

18.09.2018 to 17.09.2021


3Nethra Royal digital eye imaging system with objective refractometer

Funding Agency: Trinethra,

Forus Innovation, Bangalore.

Dr.Sulatha V. Bhandary,



Dr. Lavanya G. Rao,

Dr. Krishna Rao A.

Dr. Raviraj Acharya

Rs.  5 lakhs

6 months



3Nethra classic trial: Small pupil retinal imaging:

Funding Agency: Trinethra, Forus Innovation, Bangalore. 

Dr.Sulatha V. Bhandary



Dr. Lavanya G. Rao

Dr. Raviraj Acharya

Rs. 3 lakhs

6 months



Early detection of diabetes retinopathy stage, 2 years S$182,000

Funded by Social Innovation Research Fund (SIRF), Singapore, ext collabortor 2011

Dr. Sulatha V Bhandary

Since March 2011


Early detection of Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Funded by Social Innovation Research Fund (SIRF), Singapore, since June 2013 ext collabortor

Dr. Sulatha V Bhandary


2 years S$200,000



Clinical Performance Study: to compare the agreement and precision of the intraocular pressure (IOP) results measured by the Icare HOME tonometer device in self-use and Icare ice100 (TA011) tonometer with those obtained by two reference tonometers (Goldmann, GAT, and Icare TA01i applanation tonometers)

Funded by ICare Finland Oy, Vantaa, Finland

USD 71428

Dr. Ramesh S Ve, Associate Professor Dept. of Optometry, SOAHS. Manipal.

Ms. Judy Jose, Dept. of Optometry, SOAHS. Manipal.

Dr. Vijaya Pai H. Professor & HOU, Dept.of Ophthalmology, Kasturba Medical College & Hospital, Manipal.



Clinical Study of Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Algorithm


Dr. Ramesh S Ve,

Dr. Manjunath Hande

Dr. Krishna Rao Addoor

Dr. Sanjay M Pattanshetty

Dr. Shailaja S


Duration: 4months


Comparison of the Assessment of the Anterior Chamber Depth (ACD) using the pen torch method, with temporal perpendicular digital photography and Optical biometry (IOL Master)

Directorate of Research, MAHE

Seed Money

Rs. 25,000

Dr. Yogish S Kamath


Mr. Ranju Mamachan, MIT;

Mr. Harish Kumar J R, Dept of E&E, MIT



October 2018


 “Smartphone based assessment of anterior chamber depth” which involved the study of smartphone photographs of the anterior part of the eye, as a tool in detecting susceptibility to narrow angle glaucoma

Seed money Rs. 10,000

Dr. Ravi Chandna

Dr. Yogish S Kamath



“An Automated and Efficient Glaucoma Pre-screening system”,

 supported by the “Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT)” grant from Ministry of Education, Government of India, which involved development of a smartphone-based glaucoma screening device. 

Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT)” grant from Ministry of Education, Government of India,

Dr. Yogish S Kamath was an Investigator in the collaborative project with team headed by researchers from IISc Bengaluru



Study of retinal and choroidal microvascular in patients with systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) using Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA)

Seed Money


Dr. Shailaja S


Dr Yogish S Kamath

Dr. Chidanand Kulkarni



Exploratory study of Ayurveda and atropine treatment in the progression of myopia

Principal Investigator:

Directorate of Research, MAHE

Seed Money

Rs. 30,000

Ms. Salai Dhavamathi J,


Dr. Ramesh S Ve,

Dr. Sulatha V Bhandary,

Dr. Shripathi Adiga

2 years

From April 2021


Evaluation of the protein biomarkers in tear samples of neonates with sepsis

Directorate of Research, MAHE

Seed Money


Dr. Manali Hazarika

Dr. Sulatha Venkatraya Bhandary    

Dr.Alisha Rizvi

Dr. Leslie Edward Lewis

Prof Santhosh Chidangil

Dr. Simin Masoudi

Prof. Mark Willcox

2 years

From 2020


Ongoing Research

Funded Research projects of the department:

1.   Project Name: Drug Delivery Implant for Post Cataract Treatment

             The department has received BIG BIRAC grant (50 lakhs) along with the department

             of biotechnology MIT Manipal, for Nano particle drug delivery implant after cataract surgery. Has a 

             start-up company called Vyabya Ocular innovations Pvt Ltd





Postgraduates ongoing research includes study on:


1. Early Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy- Optical Coherence Tomography Abnormalities Preceding Humphrey Visual Field Defects: Dr. Premjith Menon, Dr. Vijaya Pai (Guide), Dr. Sudha G Menon (Co guide)

2. Analysis of risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity in AGA vs SGA preterm infants in a tertiary care hospital in Karnataka: Dr. Arya Wagle, Dr. Sulatha V Bhandary (Guide), Dr Leslie Edward Lewis (Co-guide) Department of Neonatology, KMC, Manipal.

3. The effect of specific techniques of nasal breathing on intra-ocular pressure: Dr. Alisha Kulkarni, Dr. Yogish S Kamath (Guide), Dr. Neetha K I R (Co-guide)

4. The evaluation of biochemical and microbiological aspects of tear film in neonates using gel electrophoresis / high performance liquid chromatography with laser induced fluorescence (HPLC-LIF) and culture methods. Duration of study: Dr. Alisha Rizvi, Dr. Sulatha V Bhandary (Guide), Co-guides:  Dr. Manali Hazarika,Dr Leslie Edward Lewis,  Department of Paediatrics, KMC, Manipal, Dr Kiran Chawla Department of Microbiology, KMC, Manipal, Dr. Santosh Chidangil, Department of Atomic And Molecular Physics, MIT, Manipal.

5. Comparison of the two cataract grading systems for nuclear cataract: Lens Opacities Classification System III and BCN-10: Dr. G. Abhishek, Chidanand Kulkarni (Guide)

6. Effect of Haemoglobin on Diabetic Macular Edema in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease –An OCT Based Study: Dr. Nikhil Gopalakrishnan, Dr. Shailaja S (Guide) Dr. Shankar Prasad (Co-guide) Department of Nephrology, Kasturba Medical College Manipal.

7. Clinical Evaluation and Management of Ocular Manifestations in Children with Specific Learning Disorders Aged between 6 years to 14 years in Coastal Karnataka: Dr. Aishwarya Kulkarni, Sulatha V Bhandary (Guide), Dr. Priyanka Ramesh (Co-guide), Dr. P.V Bhandhary Consultant Psychiatrist, AV Baliga Hospital and Dr. Lavanya Rao will be listed as co-authors A V Baliga Hospital, Department of Clinical Psychology, MCHP, Manipal. Department of Psychiatry, KMC Manipal.

8. Efficacy of Ripasudil on preservation time of porcine cornea stored in MK (McCarey-Kaufman) media - An interventional study: Dr. Korpole Nilay Reddy,         Dr. Sulatha V Bhandary (Guide), Dr.Manali Hazarika (co-guide)

Dr. Srinivas Mutalik, Dr. Raghu Chandrashekhar Department of Pharmacy, MCOPS.


9. Determination of Refractive Error using Direct Ophthalmoscopy in Children: Dr. Sruthi Vijendran, Dr. Yogish S Kamath (Guide)


10. Ocular features in systemic tuberculosis in a tertiary level hospital in coastal Karnataka: Dr. Tejaswita Verma, Dr. Yogish S Kamath (guide), Co guide - Dr. Manu Mohan K. PTCD, KMC Manipal.


11. A study of Visual acuity measurement in ophthalmology tele-consultation: Dr. Bhatt Joy Vijay Rekha, Dr. Chidanand Kulkarni (Guide)


12. Assessment of Retinal Microvasculature in Diabetic patient using OCTA: Dr. Poonam Juneja: Dr. Shailaja S. (Guide)



Smartphone-Acquired Image Photogrammetry for Detection of Shallow Anterior Chamber: (Original Research) Clinical Ophthalmol 2021 May 6; 15: 1875-1885. eCollection 2021.Ravi Chandna, Neetha I R Kuzhuppilly, Yogish S Kamath PMID: 33986588 PMCID: PMC8110252 DOI: 10.2147/OPTH.S306835 (Q2)


2. Automated detection of optic disc contours in fundus images using decision tree classifier: Sumaiya Pathan, Dr. Preetham Kumar, Dr. Radhika M Pai, Dr. Sulatha V Bhandary : Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering Page No. 52-64 Volume 40, Issue 1, January 2020.Q2


3. A novel approach to measuring Binocular Visual Fields in Glaucoma :Dr. Neetha IR Kuzhuppilly, Dr. Vijaya H Pai , Dr. Ravi Daruka, Dr. Vikram Jain , Dr. Sudha G Menon:   Journal of Glaucoma (International) doi: 10.1097/IJG.0000000000001845 (Q1) April 2021


4. Improving the Performance of Convolutional Neural Network for the Segmentation of Optic Disc in Fundus Images Using Attention Gates and Conditional Random Fields Bhargav J. Bhatkalkar, Dheeraj R. Reddy, Srikanth Prabhu and Sulatha V. Bhandary. VOLUME 8, 2020, ISSN 2169-3536 : Page no 29299 – 29310, February 2020:  Q1


5. Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) based gene silencing strategies for the treatment of glaucoma: Recent advancements and future perspectives. Life Sciences Volume 264, 1 January 2021, 118712: Santoshi Naik, Ajjappla Basavaraj Shreya, Ruchira,Raychaudhuri, , Shaila A.Lewis, Manali Hazarika, Sulatha V.Bhandary, Bola Sadashiva Satish Rao, Srinivas Mutalik. 2021 Jan 1;264:118712. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2020.118712. Epub 2020 Nov 4 : Q1


6. A study on Ocular Morbidity among Patients with Psoriasis Visiting a Tertiary Care Hospital in Karnataka, Southern India. (Original Full):  Ocular Immunology and Inflammation: Dr. Yogish Subraya Kamath, Dr. Sudhir Nayak U K, Dr. A Surabhi: Volume: 27, Issue 4, April 2019, Page No.531-534: ISSN 0927 3948 Impact factor : I-year 2.453,  5-year 2.167,  Impact applied year : 2016 (International): Q2








Books Published

1.  Dr. Manali Hazarika Venkatesh Prajna N:  book chapter titled “Ocular Physiology” in the text book “Peymans Principle and Practice of Ophthalmology.


Glaucoma workshop and Book release


Dr. Manali Hazarika : Book chapter titledFinite Element Analysis of the Human Eye for a Range of Intraocular Pressure” in the text book “Advances in Control Instrumentation Systems” : R Vivek Suganthan, S Meenatchi Sundaram, SVe Ramesh, Thomas Rinu, R Pai, Shah Mohammed Abdul Khader, H Girish : (Volume 660 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-4676-1_16 Springer, Singapore, 2020, 978-981-15-4675-4,


3.  Dr. Manali Hazarika:  book chapter titled "Eye Care Services in the COVID Era: Forging a New Destiny", in the text book " Covid 19: a multidimensional response " published in September 2020 by Manipal Universal Press.


4. Dr. Manali Hazarika:  book chapter titled “Pediatric Ocular allergies: an overview” in the text book of Handbook of Pediatric Allergy and Applied Immunology.


5. Dr. Sulatha V Bhandary & Dr. Yogish S Kamath:  book chapter titled “Management of patient in Ophthalmology” in the book ‘COVID-19 Clinical Management Protocols’.


6. Dr. Yogish S Kamath: All India Ophthalmological talk in Uvea speciality: “Immunomodulators in uveitis: indication choice of drug, protocols for administration” – Vitrual AIOC Program Book 2021.  


Department has conducted various CMEs on Advanced Techniques and Technologies including Phacoemulsification and Wet Lab Practice, Newer Minimally glaucoma surgeries workshop and Paediatric Ophthalmology workshops, webinars and e guru online academic sessions. 


     Glaucoma under Pressure! A CME on surgical management in glaucoma with live surgery-MIGS on 02.02.2020


CME: A Child’s eye view: 360-degree Paediatric Ophthalmology on 14.04.2019




Webinar conducted on “Orbital Mucormycosis”- COVID Black Magic and Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) ‘Born too soon - caring for the future’.


Webinar on Retinopathy of prematurity- “Born too soon -caring for the future” on 04.12.2020. 




Webinar on Rhino Orbital Mucormycosis on 11.06.2021




Postgraduate students Award:Dr. Rashmi and Dr. Linya Thomas, awarded 1st prize in Yenepoya Ophthalmic Intercollegiate PG Quiz was held on 06.02.2021 held at Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore.



Dr. Vindya BJ awarded second prize in the free paper session titled “Sudden postoperative vision loss (POVL) following non -ocular surgeries” in the Retina (interesting cases)-1 in the DOS International Hybrid Conference held from 18th to 20th December 2020. 

Department possess excellent simulation lab and wet lab facility for post graduate and under graduate teaching


The research lab allows them to gain the skills required on simulation eyes or goat eyes before operating on patients. All the steps of surgeries can be practiced under direct supervision and guidance of our faculty and senior postgraduates. Advanced phacoemulsification machines like the Laureate is at their disposal. The lab provides means of training our students in routine as well as sophisticated surgeries like minimally invasive glaucoma surgeries which will give them as edge over their contemporaries. Many a thesis/ dissertation of our students are based on the experiments conducted at our lab.  

The lab is sure to awaken the scientist and nurture the surgeon in each of our students. "


Wet lab with Laurette Phacoemulsification machine for post graduate hands on simulated cataract surgeries 


Ophthalmology Skills Lab:

Facilities for Hands on Ophthalmolscopy and Retinoscopy skills training for Undergraduate and Postgraduate teaching.



Contact us


Google Map: https://goo.gl/maps/CZakN8KAeSh8xCvc6
Email: ophthalmology.kmc@manipal.edu

Phone Number: 0820-2923059